Tuesday, July 14, 2009

RIP, Amani Program

The disarmament, demobilization, and reintegration program sponsored by the UN has been terminated, after posting consistently dismal results:
The Amani programme, intended for the disarmament, demobilization and reintegration of the miltia of the armed groups of North and South Kivu was completed on 8 July 2009, with an assessment of 3,200 ex-combatants demobilised, a figure much lower than the 28,375 militia declared throughout the process. For Ross Mountain, Deputy Special Representative of the UN Secretary General in the DRC, "the conclusion of the programme is a milestone in the Goma peace process."

The Amani programme was created following the Goma agreements of January 2008, to be used as framework for the disarmament, demobilization and reintegration of the troops of the 22 armed groups, signatories of the Goma agreements.

Throughout its 15 month duration, the Programme experience numerous set backs on several occasions with groups constantly leaving the process and then returning after negotiation, only to continue recruiting members in violation of the peace agreements they signed.

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